Ka haku mele ʻana o ke kinoea kūlohelohe

ʻO kaʻaila ʻaila a me ke kinoea kūlohelohe e ʻōlelo ʻia i ʻaila. ʻO kaʻaila ʻaila he ʻāpana hydrocarbon kaumaha nui wale ia i hana kūlohelohe ʻia i loko o ke ʻano wai, ʻoiai ʻo ke kinoea maoli kahi ʻāpana hydrocarbon māmā i kū i ke ʻano gaseous. Kāhea ʻia ke kinoea kūlohelohe mai ke luawai a me ke kinoea kūlohelohe, a ua kāhea ʻia ke kinoea kūlohelohe mai ka aila maikaʻi mai ka luawai aila.

ʻO ke kinoea kūlohelohe kahi hui ʻana o nā kinoea hydrocarbon, a loaʻa pū kekahi i ka wai a me nā impurities ʻē aʻe. Hoʻohui ʻia ʻo carbon, hydrogen, sulfur, nitrogen, oxygen a me nā trace trace, ʻo ke kalapona a me ka hydrogen, me ka helu kalapona no 65% - 80% a me ka helu hydrogen no 12% - 20%. ʻOkoʻa ka hui ʻana o ke kinoea i hana ʻia i nā wahi like ʻole, a ʻokoʻa ka haku ʻana o nā kinoea kūlohelohe i hana ʻia e nā luawai ʻelua i loko o ka waihona wai like, me ke ʻano ʻokoʻa o ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka oilfield, ua hana ʻia ka hui o ke kinoea kūlohelohe e ka luawai like. hoʻololi pū kekahi.

ʻO ka hydrocarbon nui i ke kinoea kūlohelohe ka methane, a loaʻa pū kekahi i ka ethane, propane, butane, pentane, kahi liʻiliʻi o ka hexane, heptane a me nā kinoea kaumaha ʻē aʻe.

Hoʻokaʻina o ke kinoea kūlohelohe

ʻEkolu mau ʻano hoʻonohonoho no ka ʻaukā kūlohelohe8c89a59109ef1258befb52

(1) Wahi a nā ʻano o nā waihona mineral, ua mahele nui ʻia i loko o ke kinoea a me nā kinoea e pili pū ana.

Kinoea hoʻopili: pili i ke kinoea kūlohelohe i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia mai ka aila maka mai nā luawai aila.

Punawai Gas: pili i ke kinoea kūlohelohe mai ka luawai kinoea.

(2) Wahi a ka hoʻohui wai hydrocarbon o ke kinoea kūlohelohe (ʻo ia, e like me ka ʻike o ka wai nehecarcarbon i ke kinoea kūlohelohe), hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia i loko o ke kinoea maloʻo, kinoea pulu, wili kinoea a me nā kinoea waiwai.

Ka hana wehewehe C5 - ka mahele o ke kinoea maloʻo a pulu

Kinoea māloʻo: pili i ke kinoea kūlohelohe me ka wai wai hydrocarbon kaumaha ma luna o C5 (pentane) a me ka hoʻoliʻiliʻi hoʻoliʻiliʻi a me nā waiwai ma lalo o 13.5 cubic centimeter i 1 mika cubic maʻamau o ke kinoea kūlohelohe.

Kinoea pulu: pili i ke kinoea kūlohelohe me ka ʻike o ka wai hydrocarbon ma luna o C5 kiʻekiʻe ma mua o 13.5 cubic centimeter ma 1 mika cubic maʻamau o ke kinoea kūlohelohe.

Ka hana wehewehe C3 - ka mahele o nā kinoea ʻilihune a waiwai hoʻi

Ke kinoea lean: pili i ke kinoea kūlohelohe me ka wai wai hydrocarbon ma luna o C3 ma lalo o 94 kenimika kenimika ma 1 mika cubic maʻamau o ke kinoea kūlohelohe.

Ke kinoea nui: pili i ke kinoea kūlohelohe me ka wai wai hydrocarbon ma luna o C3 kiʻekiʻe ma mua o 94 kenimika kenimika ma 1 mika cubic maʻamau o ke kinoea kūlohelohe.

(3) Wahi a ka ʻike o ke kinoea ʻakika, hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ke kinoea kūlohelohe i loko o ke kinoea a me ke kinoea maʻemaʻe.

Kinoea mānoanoa: pili i ke kinoea kūlohelohe i loaʻa ka nui o ka sulfide, carbon dioxide a me nā ʻona ʻawaʻawa ʻē aʻe, pono e mālama ʻia ma mua o ka hiki ʻana i ka hae o ka halihali paipu a i ʻole ka papa kuhikuhi kinoea kinoea.

Ke kinoea maʻemaʻe: pili i ke kinoea me ka liʻiliʻi a ʻaʻohe paha o ka sulfide, i hiki ke hoʻokuʻu ʻia aku a hoʻohana ʻia me ka hoʻomaʻemaʻe ʻole.


Ka manawa o ka manawa: Jun-21-2021